2º ESO. Judo 1: History and Philosophy

Publicado en 2ºESO-2nd Term

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Vocabulary in this lesson:

Means: medio
Rank: grado, rango
Gentle: suave 
Ability: capacidad 
To perform: ejecutar
Tie-breaker: punto para desempatar 
To oppose: oponer 
Grappling: forcejeo. En español, a este grupo de técnicas
se las llama "luxaciones, inmovilizaciones y estrangulaciones" 
To promote: promocionar 
To hold-down = to pin: inmovilizar
On/Off balance: des/equilibrado 
To strangle = to choke: estrangular
Contest: competición 
Joint lock: luxación
To give way: ceder el paso (dejar hacer)


A small history of Judo:

Judo is a fun sport, a discipline, a fitness program, a means of self-defense or combat, and for many people, a way of life.

Judo comes to us from the fighting system of feudal Japan. It was created in 1882 by Dr. Jigoro Kano, judo is an adaptation of the ancient martial art of Jujutsu.

The judo Dr. Kano showed his pupils was not just a sport but a way of life. He based his teachings around the principles of gentleness.

Kano became the first Asian IOC (International Olympic Comitee) member in 1912 and began to travel Internationally promoting judo throughout America and Europe. Judo became an Olympic sport in the 1964 Games in Tokyo, and women judo joined in Barcelona 92. It is a very important fact, as he created a sport, he made it international and olympic, and all this during his lifetime.

                                                                                                                                 Images: Wikimedia Commons

The Philosophy of Judo:

Judo is defined as the "gentle way." That means that you do not resist the force of your oponent, you move with it and you use it against him to your advantage.

The first thing to learn is never to oppose strength with strength. If you do that, the stronger man will inevitably win. Judo is a sport based on techniques, not strength.

Remember that when your opponent is on balance, he is strong, but off balance he is weak. If someone pulls you, you push. If someone pushes you, you pull.

Your attacker may be using force, but he is not in complete control of it.

This is why you give way instead of meeting resistance. In short:

Use your attacker's force against him.

Here you have a small video showing you some judo techniques:



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