A) BASIC VOCABULARY:
Elements of the game:
Fouls and violations:
falta en ataque
3/5/8/24 seconds violation:
infracción de 3/5/8/24 segundos.
B) BASIC RULES:
- Basketball players play with a ball on a court dribbling, passing, and shooting.
-There are two teams of five players on the court.
-They score points when a player shoots the ball through the hoop.
-A basket (or field goal) counts two or three points, and free throws count one point each.
-A basketball game has four quarters.
-The length of each quarter has 10 minutes (12 in the NBA).
-Play starts with a “jump ball” at center court. At halftime, teams switch sides.
-Each team has 5 time of time-outs per game (6 in the NBA).
If a game ends in a tie, teams usually play overtime periods until one team wins.