3º ESO. Basketball 2: The court, players´s positions, violations and fouls

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-Each player is assigned a position when playing. This position is usually determined by the height of the player.

-NBA teams usually have:  two guards, two forwards, and one center.

-The tallest person  usually plays “center”, while the medium size ones play “forwards”. 

-The shortest players then play “guards”.

-European league teams usually have one guard, two forwards and two centers


Look at this videos explaining each position on the court. Notice they explain ALL positions, dividing guards (point guard and shooting guard) and forwards (small forward or wing man and power forward)



-A violation occurs when the player infracts the rules of Basketball.

-A violation results in the awarding of the ball to the opponents.

-It happens when the player takes more than two steps without bouncing the ball on the floor. This is called Travelling.

-Another violation is when a player stops dribbling and then starts dribbling again or bounces the ball with its two hands at once. We call this a Double Dribble.

-You can also commit a violation if you twist your hand , when in contact with the ball, pass the vertical.  This is called Carry, as the hand must always remain on the top of the ball.


-A foul is an illegal action that can commit a player from one team to a player from the adverse team.

-Basketball is generally a non-contact game. If, in particular occasion this is not respected, a foul is committed.

-There are two types of fouls:

The first ones are called defensive fouls. They occur when the offensive player is being fouled by the defender. Defenders should not block, push, trip, strike or hold the player in possession of the ball.

-The second ones are the offensive fouls. For example a player in offense commits an offensive foul when charging into a stationary defender.


-Play stops on all rules violations.

-The opponent gains possession of the ball after a violation.

-After a foul is committed and depending on which type of foul it is, one of two things will happen:

-The opposing team gains possession of the ball, or
-The fouled player shoots free throws. 

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